SH Archive Cynocephali: The Dog-Headed Men

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Whitewave

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Cynocephaly: A Latinized version of the Greek work kynokephaloi (combining the words for dog+head).

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As bizarre and fantastical as it sounds to our modern ears, there is a long history of recorded accounts of a race of creatures known as the dog-headed men. Everyone is probably familiar with the Egyptian depiction of Anubis, the jackal or dog-headed deity. Anubis is a Greek translation of the ancient Egyptian word, Anpu, meaning "royal child". (Anubis, btw, was not the only Egyptian dog-headed deity). Being rational human beings, most people assume these depictions show a man wearing some sort of ceremonial mask and that may well be the case. When we get past our assumptions and public educational indoctrination and look at the evidence of multitudes of documentation describing these creatures in ancient texts and by a variety of different witnesses we begin to venture into the bizarre and fantastical realms of our reality. Did such creatures really exist. Is it even possible? Before you say this thread has gone to the dogs, let's look at the evidence.

Anubis
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The fifth century BC Greek physician Ctesias wrote a book entitled Indica, in which he reports the particulars of the dog-headed people living in India. Megasthenes, a Greek explorer, also claimed there were a race of dog-headed people living in India's mountains, saying that they wore animal hides, hunted for their subsistence and communicated with barking sounds. Herodotus, writing a second-hand report from ancient Libyans, relates that the cynocephali lived in lands east of the Libyans.
There is a story of a battle between the Argonauts and the Cynocephali which was fought around the area of North Serbia, or South Hungary. In his book, The City of God, Book XVI, Chapter 8, Augustine of Hippo muses on the origin of the cynocephali and if they even really existed and, if they did, would they be considered mortal, rational, ie: human animals. He concludes his ponderings by deciding that if they are indeed human, they must be descendants of Adam.

The RCC doesn't like to admit in this day and age but their Eastern Orthodox iconography depicts their most venerable St. Christopher as a dog-headed convert to Catholicism. The backstory to St. Christopher starts during Roman Emperor Diocletian's 3rd century reign, "when a man named Reprebus, Rebrebus or Reprobus (the "reprobate" or "scoundrel") was captured in combat against tribes dwelling to the west of Egypt in Cyrenaica. To the unit of soldiers, according to the hagiographic narrative, was assigned the name numerus Marmaritarum or "Unit of the Marmaritae", which suggests an otherwise-unidentified "Marmaritae" (perhaps the same as the Marmaricae Berber tribe of Cyrenaica). He was reported to be of enormous size, with the head of a dog instead of a man, apparently a characteristic of the Marmaritae". (wiki)

Cynocephalus St. Christophe
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Related: Cynocephalus Saint Christopher - what was he in reality?

Stone sculpture on cathedral in Veselay
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and another
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On an island somewhere between India and Sumatra, Ibn Battuta, a 14th century Muslim scholar and explorer, found a dog-mouthed people which he described as follows:
Ratramnus, A Frankish theologian of the 9th century, in his Epistola de Cynocephalis, wrote to his superior asking whether these creatures should be recognized as belonging to the human race or to a race of animals. (Ratramnus favored a human designation but wanted confirmation)[14] What I found compelling about the Ratramnus letter is not his description of the creatures but his more practically believable concern for his religious duty of converting them to Christianity. He was baffled as to whether he was even obligated to preach the gospel to them since, if they were animals, he would consider it pointless. Not wanting to be amiss in his duties, he needed affirmations that they were human creatures and therefore able to receive the gospel and conversion. Thomas of Cantimpre', appealing to authority, quoted St. Jerome when verifying that Cynocephali were actual beings. He wrote of them in Liber de Monstruosis Hominibus Orientis, xiv, ("Book of Monstrous men of the Orient"). Vincent of Beauvais, a 13th century encyclopedist, wrote back home to France to alert his patron, Saint Louis IX, of a creature that had the head of a dog but otherwise looked human in its form and behaved like a man, being peaceful when not provoked and vicious and retaliatory when provoked.

"The Nowell Codex, perhaps more commonly known as the manuscript containing the Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf, also contains references to Cynocephali. One such reference can be found in the part of the manuscript known as The Wonders of the East, in which they are called "healfhundingas" or "half-dogs." Also, in Anglo-Saxon England, the Old English word wulfes heafod ("wolf's head") was a technical term for an outlaw, who could be killed as if he were a wolf. The so-called Leges Edwardi Confessoris, written around 1140, however, offered a somewhat literal interpretation: “[6.2a] For from the day of his outlawry he bears a wolf's head, which is called wluesheued by the English. [6.2b] And this sentence is the same for all outlaws.” Cynocephali appear in the Old Welsh poem Pa Gur? as cinbin (dogheads). Here they are enemies of King Arthur's retinue; Arthur's men fight them in the mountains of Edinburgh, and hundreds of them fall at the hand of Arthur's warrior known as Bedivere. The next lines of the poem also mention a fight with a character named Garwlwyd (Rough-Gray); a Gwrgi Garwlwyd (Man-Dog Rough-Gray) appears in one of the Welsh Triads, where he is described in such a way that scholars have discussed him as a werewolf." (I find it amusing that "scholars" are willing to consider the possibility of a werewolf but not of a cynocephali).

Medieval travelers Giovanni da Pian del Carpine and Marco Polo both mention cynocephali. Giovanni writes of the armies of Ogedei Khan who encounter a race of dogheads who live north of Lake Baikal. Polo's Travels mentions the dog-headed barbarians on the island of Angamanain, or the Andaman Islands. For Polo, although these people grow spices, they are nonetheless cruel and "are all just like big mastiff dogs".Additionally, in the Chinese record History of the Liang Dynasty (Liang Shu), the Buddhist missionary Huisheng describes an island of dog-headed men to the east of Fusang, a nation he visited variously identified as Japan or the Americas. The History of Northern Dynasties of Li Yanshou, a Tang dynasty historian, also mentions the 'dog kingdom'.

Mihr & Mushtari fighting against the cynocephali
(Gives a whole new meaning to "Let loose the dogs of war")


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The already mentioned Ctesias gave a more detailed account of the Cynocephali living in the Indian mountains, called Indica at the time he wrote his book of the same name. He details a tribe or race of dog-headed people who, while able to understand human language, communicated amongst themselves with barks and snarls. He said they subsisted on raw meat and had longer teeth than dogs teeth, as well as "nails that were long, curved and rounded". Ctesias reported that they hunted and sun-dried the meat but also raised sheep and goats. Not strictly carnivorous, we're told they also ate siptakhora fruit and grew their own to use for trade to obtain other goods such as cotton, flour, and weapons. Ctesias continues his description of the cynocephali saying they live in caves (contrary to Ibn Battuta's account that they live in reed huts-there may have been more than one tribe). Ctesias says they hunt with bows and spears and, being quick runners, are able to chase down their prey on foot. Like Ibn Battuta's version, Ctesias differentiates customs of the female and male cynocephali saying that the women bathe (once a month) but the men neglect bathing altogether, washing only their hands and wiping themselves 3 times a month with skins soaked in milk fat. Unlike Battuta's description, Ctesias does not differentiate between the overall look of the males and females (Battuta found the females attractive). Ctesias claims both sexes wore tanned hides of good quality or, if they were rich, wore linen clothes, but not many were in that category. (Battuta describes them as going completely naked except the females who wear grass skirts). They slept on grass or leaf "beds" and raised cattle and measured the wealth of an individual by the number of cattle he possessed. Of all the accounts written of these strange creatures, Ctesias is the only one I could find that mentions them as having "tails above their hips, like dogs, but longer and more hairy". Apparently, they were known to be a generally peaceful (when not provoked) and moral, long-lived race with lifespans of over 150 years.

The explorer, Marco Polo, described the cynocephali as eaters of people and each other during his encounter with them.

The 3rd century Roman philosopher and writer, Claudius Aelianus, confirms other accounts of the cynocephali living in India as being peaceful. He too, confirms that they ate sun-dried meat and raised cattle (sheep and goats). In the 4th century BC, Alexander the Great invaded India and he also wrote to his teacher, Aristotle, that he had seen dog-headed men and even captured several in battle with them. He describes them as "fierce and vicious, barking and snarling beasts". The 5th century Greek historian, Herodotus, gave a lengthy and detailed account of the cynocephali (may have been a second-hand report from Libyans) saying that ancient Libyans believed the creatures lived east of Libya. His account is as follows:
As recently as the 14th century, an Italian monk by the name of Odoric of Pordenone, a traveling missionary, claimed to have encountered the cynocephali on his visit to the Nicoveran island. He described them as "being somewhat brutish, but displaying a form of organized religion, worshiping oxen and wearing various gold and silver religious charms". French inquisitor Cardinal Pierre d’Ailley, a 15th century French inquisitor, admitted to the existence of a dog-headed race of humans living in India but added that there was a one-eyed version of the creatures as well, known as the Carismaspi. Christopher Columbus, writing to Queen Isabella, says he was told of but never personally witnessed dog-people called "Canina". Cortez, having heard the stories wasn't taking any chances when he showed up and just killed everybody.

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Porderone
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Not limited to letters and literature of their times,
cartographers also pictured the cynocephali on
maps indicating their habitat. (Ebstorph, et al).

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Mappa Mundi
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Descalier's 1550 map
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For much of our recorded history there have been numerous cynocephali witnesses. Explorers, missionaries, warriors, and nomads have encountered these creatures and written of them-most of their reports uncannily similar. Until fairly recent times (20th century) there were actual cases of feral children raised by wolves. These case studies always struck me as odd since wolves are not known for their humanitarian behavior and children are usually considered scooby snacks to actual wolves.

In modern times, Bernard Heuvelmans speculated in his book On the Track of Unknown Animals that such stories of Cynocephali, especially in Africa, might have sprung from sightings of a type of lemur known as the indri lemur, which stands at around 3 feet in height.

All other accounts describe them as big mastiff looking dog-faces.

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Mastiffs and lemurs look nothing alike and lemurs are not ones to corral and tend to animals, wear clothes, bark, or go to war. Nice try Bernard Heuvelman but no cigar. He also thought it might be one of these:

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But since macaques have no other characteristics/traits identified by everyone who encountered the cynocephelia, I think we can safely dismiss Heuvelman's excuses as his way of saying, "I don't know what they were but they couldn't have been actual dog-faced people". While these macaques are omnivorous, they do not use bow and arrows to hunt as described by several witnesses of the cynocephels. Nor do they sit and listen patiently to the gospel being preached to them, submit to baptism, or go to work for the Catholic Church.

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Lemurs or macaques skewing knights with their lances.

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Cannanite god Baal
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Cynocephali, the inventors of bikini briefs? :)

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Books written about or mentioning these mysterious creatures.
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Bestiary, MS M.500 fol. 55r - Images from Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts - The Morgan Library & Museum

Ratramnus & the Dog-headed People (Cynocephali | Monsters | Natural Law

With so much historical references and documentation regarding these creatures, can we say for certain they did not exist? Are they descendants of Adam? Did they get on Noah's ark as beasts or men? Are they genetic experiments of alien overlords? Were they just regular men who wore carved dog masks at all times fooling those they encountered? Are they still around?

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Note: This OP was recovered from the Wayback Archive.
Note: Archived SH.org replies to this OP: Cynocephali: The Dog-Headed Men
 

JWW427

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Since I enjoy the extraterrestrial option on most occasions, I'll add that there is a story purporting that these dogmen were long ago visitors from the Sirius star system. (The Dog Star). I cant find the source in my notes, but probably its from David Wilcock or Corey Goode.
They are bipedal, very advanced, friendly, and have small primates as pets. Apparently they think its funny that we have pet dogs.
The source said that in the universe there is an analog for most animals on earth, a humanoid bipedal version. Cats, dogs, lizards, dolphins, anything. This might explain some Egyptian gods with animal heads.
Anyway I hope its true, for it adds more color to our funky history!

cat man.jpeg dog men.jpeg
 

fabiorem

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Is this fake or real?

 

Silveryou

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a race of creatures known as the dog-headed men
I've always thought that these legends came to be due to a misunderstanding. The Europeans (and Arabs, apparently) who traveled to the East came back to Europe with tales about the Han People (Han Chinese - Wikipedia), with facial features very different from those of the Europeans and maybe judged negatively from the point of view of aesthetics. This combined with the name Han, very similar to the Latin "canis", gave rise to the legend, which was probably then attributed to other people as well.
If this is true, then some characters like Saint Cristopher could be Chinese... Who knows!

From the wiki of Saint Cristopher (Saint Christopher - Wikipedia): "he is the patron saint of travelers" (did he came from far away?); "He was a Canaanite, 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face. While serving the king of Canaan..." (a Han Chinese serving the Khan? Notice the importance given to his face, even in the traditions in which he doesn't have a dog-head); "This Byzantine depiction of St. Christopher as dog-headed possibly resulted from their misinterpretation of the Latin term Cananeus (Canaanite) to read canineus (canine)." (Khan-Canaan-Han People?).
 
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Oracle

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I would love if they "resurfaced".
I would join their tribe as I prefer the company of dogs to most humans. Anyone who has ever had dogs knows how human like they are in their behaviour emotionally and intelligence wise. My current dog is so smart it understands a wide range of words to the point of understanding full sentences using the words in different ways. Also has an amazing telepathy ability.

With regard to that one island tribe having human like women, I wonder if they practiced infanticide with female young and kidnapped human women to mate with to breed out the dog features for whatever reason. If they were being hunted down and exterminated and had sought refuge on that island it might make sense from a survival of their species aspect.
a race of creatures known as the dog-headed men
I've always thought that these legends came to be due to a misunderstanding. The Europeans (and Arabs, apparently) who traveled to the East came back to Europe with tales about the Han People (Han Chinese - Wikipedia), with facial features very different from those of the Europeans and maybe judged negatively from the point of view of aesthetics. This combined with the name Han, very similar to the Latin "canis", gave rise to the legend, which was probably then attributed to other people as well.
If this is true, then some characters like Saint Cristopher could be Chinese... Who knows!

From the wiki of Saint Cristopher (Saint Christopher - Wikipedia): "he is the patron saint of travelers" (did he came from far away?); "He was a Canaanite, 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face. While serving the king of Canaan..." (a Han Chinese serving the Khan? Notice the importance given to his face, even in the traditions in which he doesn't have a dog-head); "This Byzantine depiction of St. Christopher as dog-headed possibly resulted from their misinterpretation of the Latin term Cananeus (Canaanite) to read canineus (canine)." (Khan-Canaan-Han People?).
Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
 

Silveryou

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Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
Exactly.

This is "The Annunciation", an oil painting by the Early Netherlandish master Jan van Eyck.

Annunciation_-_Jan_van_Eyck_-_1434_-_NG_Wash_DC.jpg

On the pavement in the painting are represented biblical scenes. One of those is this below:

art-in-detail-the-annunciation-by-eyck-jan-van-national-gallery-of-art-washington-23-1024.jpg

The banner over Goliath's castle represents clearly a dragon or something similar to a dragon. Goliath was a Philistine, but he was neighbour to Israel and therefore the land of Canaan, previously inhabited by Giants. Look also the star and moon on Saul's shield on the left.
 
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Oracle

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Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
Exactly.

This is "The Annunciation", an oil painting by the Early Netherlandish master Jan van Eyck.

On the pavement in the painting are represented biblical scenes. One of those is this below:

The banner over Goliath's castle represents clearly a dragon or something similar to a dragon. Goliath was a Philistine, but he was neighbour to Israel and therefore the land of Canaan, previously inhabited by Giants. Look also the star and moon on Saul's shield on the left.
You'll have to spell out to me the significance of the Dragon,star and moon ?
 

Silveryou

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If you know something I'll listen.

Regarding the dragon/grifon it was a notorious symbol of Tartaria (and China). You probably can find something around here on the website, because Tartaria fell during the Napoleonic wars (or maybe even later) and therefore its symbols are reported on some encyclopedias and books.
As for the star and moon the question is far more complicated. Today it is commonly associated with Islam but it was one time the symbol of Constantinople and also used on Christian churches (I remember Saint Stephan in Vienna). In these paintings is obviously associated to Christianity with a reminder to its origin in Biblical times. So it was apparently one of the main symbols of Israel. Today Israel has adopted the star of David as its symbol (here in the painting the star has six points as well but it's drawn differently, maybe due to the fact that it was painted for the backstage, in a sense) but the moon is no more present.
So in the end I don't have definitive answers but, as a working idea (right or wrong I don't know), I would say that the battles between Israel and its enemies were probably fought in places were the Tatarians came into contact with Europeans. At that time there was not yet the split between Judaism and Christianity and therefore the real symbolism of those days is messed up to our eyes.
 
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Oracle

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If you know something I'll listen.

Regarding the dragon/grifon it was a notorious symbol of Tartaria (and China). You probably can find something around here on the website, because Tartaria fell during the Napoleonic wars (or maybe even later) and therefore its symbols are reported on some encyclopedias and books.
As for the star and moon the question is far more complicated. Today it is commonly associated with Islam but it was one time the symbol of Constantinople and also used on Christian churches (I remember Saint Stephan in Vienna). In these paintings is obviously associated to Christianity with a reminder to its origin in Biblical times. So it was apparently one of the main symbols of Israel. Today Israel has adopted the star of David as its symbol (here in the painting the star has six points as well but it's drawn differently, maybe due to the fact that it was painted for the backstage, in a sense) but the moon is no more present.
So in the end I don't have definitive answers but, as a working idea (right or wrong I don't know), I would say that the battles between Israel and its enemies were probably fought in places were the Tatarians came into contact with Europeans. At that time there was not yet the split between Judaism and Christianity and therefore the real symbolism of those days is messed up to our eyes.
Ok, gotcha! That's very interesting particularly
As for the star and moon the question is far more complicated. Today it is commonly associated with Islam but it was one time the symbol of Constantinople and also used on Christian churches
I didn't know that, thought it was just the symbol of Islam.
I haven't looked deeply into the Tartaria thing just here and there.
So much to learn ,one can't focus on everything in one lifetime. 🙂
 

Gold

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Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
Exactly.

This is "The Annunciation", an oil painting by the Early Netherlandish master Jan van Eyck.

On the pavement in the painting are represented biblical scenes. One of those is this below:

The banner over Goliath's castle represents clearly a dragon or something similar to a dragon. Goliath was a Philistine, but he was neighbour to Israel and therefore the land of Canaan, previously inhabited by Giants. Look also the star and moon on Saul's shield on the left.
Again with the falchions. Crusades era. So much noble art and art of nobles from the medieval era in this style shows falchions and crusader type garb and armor even though there's often a crossover of plate armor components that we're not supposed to see til later.
 

Silveryou

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Legends say that David used Goliath's sword to cut his head. So Goliath the Philistine used a falchion. But if you look at Saul you can see a western broadsword. Thank you for the detail though, I didn't see it
 

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Legends say that David used Goliath's sword to cut his head. So Goliath the Philistine used a falchion. But if you look at Saul you can see a western broadsword. Thank you for the detail though, I didn't see it
You're welcome, another detail I notice is Goliath is garbed in what seems to be Byzantine armor or similar equipment from that region. The use of falchions and arming swords is very frequent in art. Other things I notice are sabres varying from types that look Turkish to Polish to Arabic in certain depictions of people like Caesar (which would've fit the 15th century give or take a century), but there are some swords I don't recognize at all like the one Washington wields. Falchions are incredibly common though as well as gaddjhalt hilts and swords like the Sword of Saint Maurice of Turin (two versions of this sword I believe, with a curved and straight guard. Lots of art depicting many things seems focused on this era)
Funeral effigies often depict arming swords and these are what a lot of historical research are based on, but there's a lot of cross pollination like the art from KD's Pope Is A Liar series showing fully developed European style plate armor and ancient style Roman armor coexisting, it's even in that pavement carving, there's a guy in full 15th~ century plate. I can't stop noticing the falchions in the hands of nobles nonetheless. They would've been a lot less common in the 15th century according to my education (which relies on some narratives of course) Another is seen in the hands of one of the soldiers behind David, identifiable by its circle pommel, upswept hilt and clipped point.
 
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matematik

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The idea that bigfoot and especially yetis exist gets a considerable amount of support, so I don't see why half-human/half-dog like creatures couldn't have existed either. In many cases they are portrayed as being half-bear like creatures rather than half-ape too.

I suppose it could be argued that bigfoot/yeti is more plausible in the sense that it's not that big a stretch to think a primitive hominid could still exist in remote areas, whereas a half-human/half-dog creature is obviously a far bigger stretch biologically speaking.
 

Silveryou

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Legends say that David used Goliath's sword to cut his head. So Goliath the Philistine used a falchion. But if you look at Saul you can see a western broadsword. Thank you for the detail though, I didn't see it
You're welcome, another detail I notice is Goliath is garbed in what seems to be Byzantine armor or similar equipment from that region. The use of falchions and arming swords is very frequent in art. Other things I notice are sabres varying from types that look Turkish to Polish to Arabic in certain depictions of people like Caesar (which would've fit the 15th century give or take a century), but there are some swords I don't recognize at all like the one Washington wields. Falchions are incredibly common though as well as gaddjhalt hilts and swords like the Sword of Saint Maurice of Turin (two versions of this sword I believe, with a curved and straight guard. Lots of art depicting many things seems focused on this era)
Funeral effigies often depict arming swords and these are what a lot of historical research are based on, but there's a lot of cross pollination like the art from KD's Pope Is A Liar series showing fully developed European style plate armor and ancient style Roman armor coexisting, it's even in that pavement carving, there's a guy in full 15th~ century plate. I can't stop noticing the falchions in the hands of nobles nonetheless. They would've been a lot less common in the 15th century according to my education (which relies on some narratives of course) Another is seen in the hands of one of the soldiers behind David, identifiable by its circle pommel, upswept hilt and clipped point.
You should open a thread on the subject. I like the topic very much
 

Gold

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Legends say that David used Goliath's sword to cut his head. So Goliath the Philistine used a falchion. But if you look at Saul you can see a western broadsword. Thank you for the detail though, I didn't see it
You're welcome, another detail I notice is Goliath is garbed in what seems to be Byzantine armor or similar equipment from that region. The use of falchions and arming swords is very frequent in art. Other things I notice are sabres varying from types that look Turkish to Polish to Arabic in certain depictions of people like Caesar (which would've fit the 15th century give or take a century), but there are some swords I don't recognize at all like the one Washington wields. Falchions are incredibly common though as well as gaddjhalt hilts and swords like the Sword of Saint Maurice of Turin (two versions of this sword I believe, with a curved and straight guard. Lots of art depicting many things seems focused on this era)
Funeral effigies often depict arming swords and these are what a lot of historical research are based on, but there's a lot of cross pollination like the art from KD's Pope Is A Liar series showing fully developed European style plate armor and ancient style Roman armor coexisting, it's even in that pavement carving, there's a guy in full 15th~ century plate. I can't stop noticing the falchions in the hands of nobles nonetheless. They would've been a lot less common in the 15th century according to my education (which relies on some narratives of course) Another is seen in the hands of one of the soldiers behind David, identifiable by its circle pommel, upswept hilt and clipped point.
You should open a thread on the subject. I like the topic very much
It's an idea for sure. I notice lots of things when it comes to the depictions of figures like Arthur and Caesar, it's an area I had/have a lot of passion in so I know a little bit. I did start a thread a while ago on sword steels and a very very old relationship between China and the Middle East/India regions but that hit a bit of a dead end with my schedule and finding sources on things lately. Lots of stuff going missing on the internet these days.
The amount of cross pollination I see has started to convince me lines with the development of weapons and armor aren't so defined as many (quite credible) authors and sources I've learned from may think as the art is convincing me armor from the ancient Roman period all the way into the 15 and 16th centuries coexisted to some degree but I notice a lot of falchions and Crusades eras equipment in artistic sources we find here. I'll have to try a more concerted effort to connect the dots but it would be a rather massive undertaking to authenticate, date and track all the art and make a timeline and distinguish between what's probably historically accurate and what's artistic license. So many messers though, it stands out to me because they disappear in the incarnation we see them in medieval art so often after the crusades era, but art would suggest otherwise.

I don't want to throw us off topic though. I'll have to look through some sources like Maitre Francois for any weird creatures because he has a lot of stuff on figures like Saturn/Chronos and a fixation on genital mutilation which seems extremely common in the art from this time period.
The art on the floor tile seems to be a similar style to the likes of Francois' era but more refined, but that could be the artist making it look less shitty or it could've been done shortly after the alleged 1400s when art seemingly improved more.
The idea that bigfoot and especially yetis exist gets a considerable amount of support, so I don't see why half-human/half-dog like creatures couldn't have existed either. In many cases they are portrayed as being half-bear like creatures rather than half-ape too.

I suppose it could be argued that bigfoot/yeti is more plausible in the sense that it's not that big a stretch to think a primitive hominid could still exist in remote areas, whereas a half-human/half-dog creature is obviously a far bigger stretch biologically speaking.
Yes, it seems plausible given all the accounts of a race of headless cannibal "humans". Attached is an image of a blemmye, but the page this was originally from which had some information about this photograph allegedly taken in the 1800s has been extremely tricky for me to hunt down again although I laid eyes on it once.
809431db2b791b645621e97077def95c.jpg

No idea if this is doctored or not but it's in a book although that doesn't mean much as the Civil War threads have shown us. I don't see a body stand or any other evidence of this being a posed corpse and the posture is authentic to the purported time period but no telling if this is real but it's apparently an infamous photograph.

EDIT 1/14/2021
I found the source article

"THIS IS THE controversial "Sepia Photo" of the "Blemmy Bushman" - The "Acephalous". The phoro dates to about 1880 . "Acephalous" translates to "Headless". He had eyes and mouth in his upper chest. I know what you think, but there is actually plenty of old written history of "The Blemmy". Pliny The Elder wrote about him, and this "man" was said to live in Africa, Ethiopia, Nubia and other places south of Egypt. He is even pictures on the Piri Ries Map. There are plenty of writing about him in the old Roman History Records from 600BC to the 3rd Century. Here are some of those records as reflected in WIKIPEDIA: Their cultural and military power started to enlarge to such a level that in 193, Pescennius Niger asked a Blemmye king of Thebas to help him in the battle against the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. In 250, the Roman Emperor Decius put in much effort to defeat an invading army of Blemmyes. A few years later, in 253, they attacked Lower Aegyptus (Thebais) again but were quickly defeated. In 265, they were defeated again by the Roman Prefect Firmus, who later in 273 would rebel against the Empire and the Queen of Palmyra, Zenobia, with the help of the Blemmyes themselves. The Roman general Marcus Aurelius Probus took some time to defeat the usurpers with his allies but couldn't prevent the occupation of Thebais by the Blemmyes. That meant another war and almost an entire destruction of the Blemmyes army (279-280). "
 
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Knowncitizen

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Yes, it seems plausible given all the accounts of a race of headless cannibal "humans". Attached is an image of a blemmye, but the page this was originally from which had some information about this photograph allegedly taken in the 1800s has been extremely tricky for me to hunt down again although I laid eyes on it once.
View attachment 5485
No idea if this is doctored or not but it's in a book although that doesn't mean much as the Civil War threads have shown us. I don't see a body stand or any other evidence of this being a posed corpse and the posture is authentic to the purported time period but no telling if this is real but it's apparently an infamous photograph.
A thread from the old forum on these headless guys. Facinating!
 

OfTheBrave

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Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
Exactly.

This is "The Annunciation", an oil painting by the Early Netherlandish master Jan van Eyck.

On the pavement in the painting are represented biblical scenes. One of those is this below:

The banner over Goliath's castle represents clearly a dragon or something similar to a dragon. Goliath was a Philistine, but he was neighbour to Israel and therefore the land of Canaan, previously inhabited by Giants. Look also the star and moon on Saul's shield on the left.
Can't help but notice the zodiac symbols at the corners of the floor tiles.
Goes some way to reinforce that the early church embraced astrology and possibly based some scripture on it.
 

Silveryou

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Weren't the Israelites originally given Canaan as their land according to the narrative but had to kill the giants who lived there first? Canine/Canaanite 🤔
Exactly.

This is "The Annunciation", an oil painting by the Early Netherlandish master Jan van Eyck.

On the pavement in the painting are represented biblical scenes. One of those is this below:

The banner over Goliath's castle represents clearly a dragon or something similar to a dragon. Goliath was a Philistine, but he was neighbour to Israel and therefore the land of Canaan, previously inhabited by Giants. Look also the star and moon on Saul's shield on the left.
Can't help but notice the zodiac symbols at the corners of the floor tiles.
Goes some way to reinforce that the early church embraced astrology and possibly based some scripture on it.
Here you can see more about the painting
Jan van Eyck, The Annunciation, 1434/1436
 

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