Leiden Netherlands Star City

JWW427

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What is remarkable to me here is that in 1675 this city was truly peaceful.
There are no guns or cannons, no military barracks or soldiers, only windmills on the point bastions!
Is this perhaps a clue to the peaceful hydraulic use of star fortifications? Was Holland that safe from attack then?
This was a Dutch era of constant warfare with France.
What are we seeing here?


History excerpt:

The Mayflower and Leiden – The History of the Pilgrims in Holland:
Walking into the historic centre of Leiden is like stepping back into the 17th century. This classically beautiful Dutch city was a refuge for those now known as the Mayflower Pilgrims, separatists who fled from England in pursuit of religious freedom. For those following the Mayflower trail, Leiden is brimming with churches, museums and sights which are not much different now than they were when the Mayflower Pilgrims arrived in the early 1600s.



"The greatest scholars of their age, Scaliger, Hugo Grotius, Dodonaaus, Salmasius, Ruhnken, Wyttenbach, and Boerhaave (who founded the fame of the medical faculty in the 18th century), resided and wrote here, and Arminius and Gomarus were professors at the university. Lord Stair (died 1695), the celebrated Scottish jurist, spent several years in exile at Leiden, whence he accompanied his future sovereign, William of Orange, to Great Britain in 1688."


A typical windmill and canal nearby Leiden, plus modern views.

 
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mindcaster

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The (maritime) power of the Republic (Northern Netherlands) was at its peak in the 3rd quarter of the 17th century, the 4th quarter bringing stagnation and decline (so much at play, stuck in the middle of Habsburgers, the French and the English).
 

MgvdT

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Ah yes, Leiden.. I'll do a coin in the sack as well.

Beschrijvinge der stad Leyden : inhoudende 't begin, den voortgang, ende den wasdom der selver : de stichtinghe van der kercken, cloosteren, gasthuysen, ende andere publijcque gestichten

''Description of the city Leiden, containing the beginning, progress, and bloom: Found(dates) of churches, monastries etc''



This book has a lovely part on the founding of the city.
Basicly put there are 2 sources who name Leiden Ludogorum. Enough to make it credible appearently, as the writer here takes it for truth. (Note he mentions how hard his research was and how long it took him.)

However, he also mentions in a pretty long anekdote i'm not going to completely translate now that:

Page 14:

''Waerom datmen de oudheydt van Leyden niet weet'' / ''Why people don't know how old the city is''


Schermafbeelding 2021-01-30 om 16.32.14.png



''
Comende nu tot de redenen en oorzaken waarom wij de gewenste ende zo begeerde zekerheid de memories beschrijven en de aantekeningen van het begin en oudheid deze stede tot ons groot leed wezen moeten derven en ontberen.


Zal ik hier enne houden het gene onder meer andere dingen (de welke hier en daar in deze bescrhijvingre ingevoegd worden) aangemerkt en bi geschrift gesteld heeft, mijn waarde en wel beminde oom Jan van Hout. De welke het secretarisschap deze stede Leyden bedient heeft met naastischeit en vlijt van het jaar 1564 tot 1609 ten welke hij in zaligheid in den heren ontslapen is.


Op den 12 dag van de winter maand december, 1 dag voor hij 66 jaar zouden worden, te samen makende het getal van 45 jaren die hij in de stadsdienste geweest is, behalve dat hij van wegen de Albanische tyrranie van de jaren 1569 tot den jaren 1573 toe heeft moeten niet alleen zijn dienst, maar ook zijn vaderlands te verlaten. En in den andere landen hem zelven te ergeren. Deze heeft met grote onuitsprekelijke moeite en arbeid niet eens, maar verscheide malen, al van deze stads oude privilege, handvesten, papieren registeren, rekeningen en andere stukken doorzocht en verzocht, om daarin te mogen vinden enige zekerheid van de oudheid of het eerste begin deze stad, maar gelijk hij zelf getuigt: alles tevergeefs, alleen stellende wat hier volgende is:


Door wie, of wanneer het begin van de stad Leyden mogen zijn gelegd, of waar de oorsprong van herkomst, en weet ik met voorzekerheid te stellen, als daar van niet de allerminste onder boeken, stukken, of papieren van de stad gevonden te hebben, der welke geloof ik in deze alleen voorgenomen hebben te volgen, zonder iets voorzeker te stellen dat t gunt daarmee zal kunnen bewezen en staande gehouden worden.''

Our writer states that, despite his and his uncles efforts, they could not find a reliable source or any credible paper work on when the city was founded. His uncle (Jan van Vries) was secretariat for 45 years and searched many times, but nope, we don't know. As a reason our writer friend just few people can read/write, and fewer people care (what changed, eh?)


I'll browse through some more titles. Nice thread!

Have a great day!
M



Edit: Here's the source

 

JWW427

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Its amazing to me how every square inch was so structured and well designed.
Every canal, bastion, mini-port, housing block, etc. And it still is today!
 

MgvdT

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Its amazing to me how every square inch was so structured and well designed.
Every canal, bastion, mini-port, housing block, etc. And it still is today!
They had a lot of good laws back in the day!
 
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