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Angelo Poliziano - italian humanist, philologist, poet, historian and cabbalist. First translator of the Homer's Iliad into Latin. Primary publisher of the new "ancient" authors.
Angelo Ambrogini was born in Tuscany in Monte Pulciano (Mons Politianus) on 14 July 1454. The Ambrogini family were from a merchant family, but Angelo's father was a lawyer, but he died in 1454, leaving Angelo without means or custody.
Ambrogini moved to Florence, where he studied Latin and Greek, and attended the university ("lo Studio") from 1469-1474 under the humanists John Argiropoulo, Cristoforo Landino and Andronicus Callista. He earned his nickname Policiano by his birthplace. He was close to Ficino and his Platonic Academy. He translated the three songs of Homer's Iliad into Latin and presented them to Lorenzo de' Medici, tyrant of Florence, in 1472. In gratitude he made Poliziano his secretary, and in 1475 he entrusted him sons Piero and Giovanni, the future Pope Leo X, to tutor them. At court Lorenzo tutored the young Michelangelo Buonarroti.
But the wife of Lorenzo de' Medici - Clarice Orsini did not support the methods of education of the young humanist teacher, and Poliziano took up scientific work. From 1480 he was professor of Greek and Latin rhetoric at the University of Florence (Studio), lecturing on philosophy and a course on ancient writers: Homer, Virgil, Hesiod and the Italian poets: Dante and Lorenzo de Medici.
Poliziano did not complete his translation of Homer and it is thought that he later wrote poetry only in Greek and Italian. It is known, however, that he contributed to the printing of "ancient" Latin authors and commented on them.