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The Hanseatic League - who were they really?

Felix Noille

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[This is the rescue of a thread I started in SH.org. I tried to save it around the time I was banned, but I only managed to get the first page. This is an amalgamation of the OP with additional material I added to it later. There are also some specific comments from previous SH.org members added at the end, but limited to those that were on the first page, unfortunately.]

1 hansa.jpg
Who were they really?

Whilst researching another subject I kept coming across The Hanseatic League: a 400 year long economic alliance of 194 cities in 16 countries whose merchants had trade routes throughout the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, headquartered in Lübeck, Germany. They developed an economic reach which, during the 16th century, ranged from Portugal to Russia and from the Scandinavian countries to Italy, an area that now includes 20 European states.

According to the Hanseatic League themselves, or rather their modern incarnation (reborn in 1980,) it developed from the “Artlenburger Privilege” of 1161 whereby the privileges that were already enjoyed within the Empire of Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria, by the German long-distance merchants (elsewhere on the site described as Dutch) were extended to their competitors from Gotland. For example duty-free treatment, protection and freedom based on mutual trust. However, they put this forward as a “could be” rather than as a fact. The Hanseatic League itself didn’t form until the mid 13th century.

"In its heyday, the Hanseatic League was so powerful that it imposed economic blockades against kingdoms and principalities to enforce their economic interests and in exceptional cases even waged wars.

"From the 13th to the middle of the fifteenth century, the Hanseatic League largely dominated the exchange of goods between the north-east and the north-west of Europe by covering the raw material and food supplies of the West from the East, which had been opened by the German colonization, and the east with the Western- Products. These included, for example, furs, wax, grain, fish, flax, hemp, wood and timber products such as pitch, tar and potato
[potatoes!? But, but, but they come from South America and didn’t arrive in Europe until the 16th century… or so we’re supposed to believe.]
In return, the Hanseatic merchants brought into these countries the industrial finished products of the West and South like cloths, metal goods, especially weapons, and spices.

"Since the second half of the 14th century, however, the hanseatic cities were trying to create a firmer alliance organization for mutual support against aristocratic rule claims. With this firmer union, they also wanted to face problems caused by the growing competition of English, Italian and South German merchants and Dutch freightmen and by the state strengthening in the target countries of the trade. The pressure from the outside was thus the reason why the cities of the Hanseatic League („stede van der dudeschen hense“) joined together as a group on the first hanseatic day in Lübeck in 1358.


1a-Wappen_Lübeck_(Alt).svg.jpg


Lübeck Coat-of-Arms

"However, the development
[of the competition] could not be stopped and the influence of the Hanseatic League was reduced, although trade in the 16th and early 17th century still showed enormous growth.

"The emerging national and territorial economies left no room for a supraregional trade union such as the Hanseatic merchants and Hanseatic towns. The Reformation also split the cohesion.

"In the middle of the 16th century Heinrich Sudermann was hired as the first managing director (syndic) to free the Hanseatic League from their difficult situation. In spite of some successes, as well as his successor, he lacked the self-assetion against the personal interests of the merchants and cities.

The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) finally destroys the trading area of Hanseatic merchants. There was no longer any thought of an orderly trade of goods.

In 1669 the last hanseatic day of the Hanseatic League took place in Lübeck
." Source



1b Lübeck in 1493.jpg

Lübeck 1498
Apparently, since the early 13th century, successive English kings had allowed them to trade freely in England, immune from rent and taxation in exchange for surrendering their vessels in wartime. 'The Steelyard' in The City of London was...

“the residence of the Hanse Town, German and Flemish merchants who obtained a settlement in London as early as 1250. Henry III, in 1259 at the request of his brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall, granted them very valuable privileges, renewed and confirmed by Edward I. The City also conceded them many privileges, on condition of their maintaining Bishopsgate in repair (they rebuilt it once), and sustaining a third of the charges in money and men to defend it when need was. In spite of English jealousy, the Steel Yard merchants flourished till the reign of Edward VI, when the Merchant Adventurers complained of them and they were held, like all other strangers to have forfeited their liberties. In vain Hamburg and Lubeck sent ambassadors to intercede for their countrymen. Their monopoly was gone, but the Steel Yard men still throve, and continued to export English cloth. Elizabeth, however, was rougher with them, and finally expelled them from the country in 1597-8.” Walter Thornbury, Old and New London: Volume 1, 1878. Source

The official narrative is highly suspect because it also states that they were still there at the time of the Great Fire of London in 1666. By then they had supposedly been forced to wall off the Steelyard due to hostility from the other merchants. Lo and behold, in the Great Fire of London ‘story’ their complex was razed to the ground… or was it? More on this later.


2 coat of arms on mug.jpg

Hansa coat-of-arms on a mug from, they’re guessing, 1550 -1585
Source

3 coat of arms.jpg

Coat-of-arms from the Steelyard, carved in 1670 (4 years after the fire!)
Source: (ibid)

Please note the double-headed eagle and in the 1670 version the crown has slipped down around the eagles’ necks.

The main German city associated with the Hanseatic League is Lübeck. I have read a post on here [sh.org] which claims that the Romanovs had something to do with Lübeck, but I can't remember where I found it. Anyway, the heraldry of Lübeck is very interesting:


3a Lubeck arms.jpg

Lübeck Coat-of-Arms

Also the city of Lübeck is (or was) a star fort…


4 Luebeck-1641-Merian.jpg

Lübeck 1641

The so-called Hanseatic architecture is also very interesting…


5 lubeckHolstengate-405x607.jpg

Lübeck Holsten Gate
Source


6 lubeck station18-620x413.jpg

Lübeck Railway Station and Tram Terminal (pre both wars) Source: (ibid)

Their ships are often shown displaying what resembles the Templar Cross, but which has since been associated with the 'Nazis' as the Iron Cross…


7 sailing ship of the Hanseatic League.jpg

14th century sailing ship of the Hanseatic League

According to Wikipedya ;
"Rise of rival powers
The economic crises of the late 15th century did not spare the Hansa. Nevertheless, its eventual rivals emerged in the form of the territorial states, whether new or revived, and not just in the west: Ivan III, Grand Prince of Moscow, ended the entrepreneurial independence of Hansa's Novgorod Kontor in 1478—it closed completely and finally in 1494. New vehicles of credit were imported from Italy, where double-entry book-keeping was invented in 1492, and outpaced the Hansa economy, in which silver coins changed hands rather than bills of exchange.
"

So, the Hanseatic League used real money, whereas the new competition used 'vehicles of credit' and 'bills of exchange'. Hmmm... :unsure:

Hansa Timeline

I have been attempting to cobble together a timeline of The Hanseatic League and their activities in the City of London Steelyard Kontor. There are many contradictions within the different sources, as will be seen. This is the best I could manage:

  • 1150ish Cologne merchants granted trading privileges in England
  • 1175ish Osterlinge merchants granted trading privileges in England.
  • 1250 Hanseatic League first settle in London at the Steelyard on the river-side, near Cosin Lane, now Ironbridge Wharf. Conflicts with 1320 and 1422
  • 1252/53 First signs of a common Hanseatic awareness.
  • 1266/67 Lübeck and Hansa merchants granted the same privileges as the ‘Colognes.’
  • 1281 The ‘Colognes’ and the ‘Osterlinge’ became reconciled and began to build up a trading-post community of German merchants in London.
  • 1282 London trading-post community called "Hansa Almaniae," was an important nucleus of the later Hansa.
  • 1303 The Carta Mercatoria, (the charter of the merchants) granted by Edward I to foreign merchants in England. He had expelled the Jewish merchants in 1290.
  • 1320 Hanseatic League established their London Kontor just west of London Bridge near Upper Thames Street. It grew significantly over time into a walled community with its own warehouses, weighhouse, church, offices and houses. Conflicts with 1250.
  • 1307 – 1327 The Carta Mercatoria revoked by Edward II due to complaints by ‘English’ merchants. (However, foreign merchants retained most of their rights.)
  • 1334 In exchange for financial assistance (i.e. a back-hander, bribe or favourable loan), Edward III replaced the general grant of rights to foreign merchants with a particular charter granted to the Hanseatic League.
  • 1422 First reference to The Steelyard (der Stahlhof). Conflicts with 1250 and 1474.The Steelyard was their guildhall. No prostitutes, no Englishmen (in case they learned Hanse secrets), no goldsmiths [usually Jewish] and no barbers were permitted to enter”.
  • 1447 Henry VI of England revoked all Hansa privileges.
  • 1449 Several Lübeck and Danzig vessels hijacked by English forces.
  • 1450's Possible date of acquisition of Hanseatic League by Italian banking families. (Please see post below by Plikssen.)
  • 1456 Eight-years armistice was agreed.
  • 1458 English privateers (pirates) again attacked Hansa ships.
  • 1465 Peace talks at Hamburg failed.
  • 1468 Danzig privateers, chartered by the Danish Crown, seized English merchant vessels passing Plymouth Sound. Cologne rejected the taxes decided by the Hansa for Brabant and the Netherlands as being too high.
  • 1469 Edward IV of England had the Hanseatic Steelyard trading base in London stormed, plundered and destroyed.
  • 1471 Anglo-Hanseatic War begins. Cologne excluded itself from the Hansa. Edward IV of England was expelled to the Burgundian County of Flanders as a result of The War of the Roses. Charles, Duke of Burgundy, backed Edward's return to England and the Hansa forces captured several vessels of the king's enemies. Upon the restoration of the English king, Charles again withdrew his support immediately. (?!* You couldn’t make this stuff up.) The Bishop's Gate of the City of London was rebuilt by the Hansa merchants. Conflicts with 1474 and makes no sense in the middle of a war.
  • 1472 onwards, the Hansa forces were able to operate in the English Channel up to Ushant island (north-westernmost point of France), led by Lübeck and Hamburg squadrons. They attracted the attention of the French fleet. The Anglo-Hanseatic War was fought mainly by the use of the naval strategy of ‘commerce raiding’ (an early politically correct term for piracy.)
  • 1474 Peace settlement of Utrecht 1474. Hanseatic privileges were reinstated. They had to rebuild/maintain Bishopsgate at their own expense, one of the original seven gates of the City, from where the roads led to their interests in East Anglia. Conflicts with 1471. Soon afterwards Cologne was readmitted to the Hansa, but it had to accept severe financial conditions.
  • 1475 Hanseatic League finally purchased the London site outright and it became universally known as the Steelyard. Conflicts with 1250 and 1422.
  • 1493 An angry mob of 500 Londoners attacked and injured several Hanse merchants, and set fire to the rebuilt Steelyard.
  • 1597 Queen Elizabeth I abolished the Hanse in London.
  • 1598 The Steelyard closed permanently. Conflicts with 1603 - 1625 and 1803 - 1815.
  • 1603 - 1625 James I of England reopened the Steelyard.
  • 1666 Steelyard destroyed in the Great Fire of London.
  • Unspecified time after 1666 Steelyard rebuilt as warehouses and rented out to merchants. Conflicts with 1803 – 1815.
  • 1803–1815 Patrick Colquhoun was appointed as Resident Minister and Consul general of the Hanseatic League. He was also Stalhofmeister, "master of the Steelyard". Colquhoun provided indirect communication between Northern Germany and Whitehall during the European blockade of the Napoleonic wars, i.e. he was a spy. Conflicts with 1598 and 1666.
  • 1852 Steelyard sold to the South-Eastern Railway Company by the Hanseatic towns of, Lübeck, Bremen and Hamburg.
The Hanseatic League was never officially dissolved.

Was the Steelyard really destroyed in the 1666 Great Fire of London?


Did it really have a wall around it?


8 The-Steel-Yard 1540.jpg
8 The-Steel-Yard 1540.jpg

Steelyard 1540 Source
No wall.

9 1572 steelyard.jpg

Map of London from 1572, by the engraver Frans Hogenburg. Commissioned by the Hanseatic League Source

Difficult to see, but no wall - compare it to the Tower of London on the extreme right. Now that's a wall.


10 Steelyard plan 1667.jpg

Steelyard plan 1667 Source

No Wall and was supposed to have been destroyed a year earlier.

Finally and this was a bit of a clincher for me, during World War II, Lübeck became the first German city to suffer substantial Royal Air Force bombing. The attack of 28 March 1942 created a firestorm that caused severe damage to the historic centre.

That the Hanseatic League even existed seems like a minor miracle given the political chaos that we are given to believe was occurring in Germany during the period of their existence. Much of what is stated regarding them is clearly misleading and contradictory. Their eventual decline, which again is shrouded in mystery and innuendo, coincides with the decline of the German colonial empire itself and seems to reveal a hidden agenda against all things German. These days it’s being touted as the birth of globalism and the prototype European Union (although I think they really mean ‘Common Market’ as it used to be called when I voted not to join it in 1975.)

Timeline Sources:
Steelyard - Wikipedia
Prof. Rainer Postel, The Hanseatic League and its Decline
The Wards of Old London: Dowgate - Hanseatic Trade and Roman Governance
Fair Trade? A Look at the Hanseatic League - Medievalists.net
Bishopsgate - Wikipedia
Carta Mercatoria - Wikipedia
Merchants of the Steelyard - Wikipedia
Commerce raiding - Wikipedia
Anglo-Hanseatic War - Wikipedia

So, who were they really? Were they actually a remnant of the previous civilisation? Was there a connection between the Hanseatic League and the Knights Templar?

[End of OP]

@dreamtime:

And indeed the northern German cities suffered the most in WW2, with Bremerhaven on top of the list, as 97% of the entire city got destroyed by bombs. Hamburg succumbed into a fire as well following the bombing which was tellingly named Operation Gomorrah (occult Hebrew reference). I wonder if there was a more secret reason for focusing on the northern cities.

Possibly related is the bombing of the northern island of Heligoland (surprisingly 2 years after the war had already ended) as well as the cession of north eastern territory (Danzig, Königsberg, Eastern Prussia) with connections to the Hanse. By the way basically all big german cities originally had star forts around them.

When you go east, the German mansions can be found as far east as Estonia, and many Estonians still speak German.
Estonian Mansions: German.
Estonian Castles: German.

German history has been falsified beyond recognition. They say Estonia is influenced by German culture but I suspect Estonia had been german for a long time, until the Slavs and Germans intermingled. Even afterwards when the germans only made up a small percentage of Baltic inhabitants, they still dominated culturally.

Look at the architecture of Tallinn for an example of Hanseatic Glory. It has the oldest European pharmacy. And who founded the pharmacy? Yup, Baltic Germans.

Which role the Hanseatic League played in general, I don’t know.

...I'm starting to suspect it could have been the last stronghold of the german nation, after the Vatican had eliminated the german south, and killed most of its inhabitants, in the Thirty-Years war. It is a known historic fact according to the mainstream narrative that the Protestant North resisted the most, and the Kulturkampf against the Vatican was led by Bismarck in East Prussia, still in the 19th Century.

So theoretically the war against the catholic priests and church in Prussian times could have been a result of the century-long conflict that existed before. The most relevant things probably happened before 1800.

Rarity:

Alexandria gazette. (Alexandria, D.C.) 1834-1974, April 12, 1844
  • They had enough power to wage wars against kingdoms, and forced Edward IV to give them a favorable peace treaty.
They had a "great depot" at Srovgorod which is supposed to have swelled up to a population of 700,000 under the influence of the League, and it says it had been destroyed by presumably Ivan the Terrible. This may be referring to the events at Novgorod and Ivan's massacre of the city.

Supposedly had a Knights Templar-esque situation where royalty "decreed her destruction" to steal their wealth.

The southern press. (Washington City [i.e. Washington, D.C.]) 1850-1852, August 06, 1851
Evening star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 30, 1945

Plissken:

I read this article last night on Warlord Bankers. It traces the criminal el-ite banksters and corporations from the earliest times to their modern central banks, which control the money for every country in the world except Iran, North Korea, and Cuba. From the article:

After 1400, political forces turned against the methods of the Italian free enterprise bankers (Phoenicians/Pharisees) and in 1401, King Martin I of Aragon had some of these bankers expelled. In 1403, Henry IV of England prohibited them from taking profits in any way in his kingdom. In 1409, Flanders imprisoned and then expelled Genoese bankers. In 1410, all Italian merchants were expelled from Paris.

Later, when modern banking practices became wide-spread, the Italian Warlord Banking Families became prominent again, especially between 1527 and 1572 when Italy produced these banking family groups: the Grimaldi, Spinola, Pallavicino, Doria, Pinelli and Lomellini.

In Germany, we find many Italian banking families migrating to Hamburg and becoming the hidden money behind the Hanseatic League. An early trading company that used Spanish and Portuguese merchant sailors in the lucrative spice trade. These early unions of rich bankers investing in trade became the basis for what would become corporations like the Dutch and British East India companies. In southern Germany, two great banking families emerged in the 15th Century, the Fuggers and the Welsers. They basically came to control much of the European economy and dominated international high finance in the 16th Century [FN: greedy fuggers.] The Fugger Bank lasted from 1486 to 1647.

Also important to the Northern German city states establishing powerful banks was the influence of Dutch bankers. Berenberg Bank is the oldest bank in Germany and the world’s second oldest bank, established in 1590 by Dutch brothers Hans and Paul Berenberg in Hamburg. The bank is still owned by the Berenberg Warlord Banking Family. Throughout the 17th Century, precious metals from the New World, Japan and other locales were being channeled into the Bank of Amsterdam. The Netherlands attracted coin and bullion to be deposited in their banks until they became a leading force of banking. The concepts of fractional-reserve banking and payment systems were developed and spread to England and elsewhere from Holland.

The dutch banks eventually set up the Dutch East and The Dutch West trading companies because of the success of the Hanseatic league. Later in the article, the writer makes this point:

The actual first Warlord Corporation would be the Dutch East India Company which became the largest slave-trader in the world and started countless conflicts and wars to feed their coffers. At its height, the “Company” was more powerful than the nation that created it and remained so for hundreds of years. It is still active today in many subtle, and sometimes invisible ways. Corporate imperialism, industrial espionage, and the machinations of the military industrial complex all find their roots in the Dutch East India Company that competed with and defeated the Hanseatic League of Northern Germany.
 

JWW427

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Same thing happens today with banks and corporations. Its war.
Amazon? Try British East India Co. re-imagined.
Google? Same.

The BEIC financed both sides of the American Revolution in 1776. Guess who really won?
The Rothschild banks of London and France did the same for the American Civil War.
 
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luddite

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No wall.

9 1572 steelyard.jpg
9 1572 steelyard.jpg

Map of London from 1572, by the engraver Frans Hogenburg. Commissioned by the Hanseatic League
This point of view could only be accomplished with some kind of airship that could remain calm and stationary for long periods of time. Helium dirigibles come to mind.
 

luddite

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Helium dirigibles come to mind.
The original covers a much wider area as can be seen here. The detail is amazing. I think you might be right.

Imagine if the artist had to walk around all the streets to see what was there and then draw from a perspective up above the city! That is nonsense.
 
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