- Sep 8, 2020
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This "Welcome Hall" is a hard to zero in on type of a name. Even with all the additional attributes the search results are confusing.Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: KorbenDallasDate: 2018-12-03 06:21:32Reaction Score: 3
@anotherlayer I'm glad someone is taking the time to do this area justice.Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: trismegistusDate: 2018-12-03 15:53:07Reaction Score: 3
Lewiston was the first European settlement in Western New York. During the 1600s and 1700s, when the French and British traders settled in the area, Lewiston was instrumental in the development of the Great Lakes region because of its strategic location.
The first French explorer, Etienne Brule arrived in 1615. By then, the Five Nation Indian Alliance had been established since 1450 and each of the tribes — Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga, Oneida and Cayuga — had its designated duties. The Senecas were the protectors of the land and waterway rights of the Niagara River, Lake Erie and Ontario. The Senecas were the “Keepers of the Western Door.”
On October 13, 1812, the United States invaded Canada. Lewiston was the staging area for the Battle of Queenston Heights, the first major battle of the War of 1812. Cannons installed on the lawn of Barton Hill were aimed at the village of Queenston, across the Niagara River in Canada. Troops were quartered on Major Barton’s property as well.
In early December of 1813, General McClure, the American General, ordered that the occupied town of Newark, then the capital of Upper Canada (now Niagara-on-the-Lake) and Fort George be burned. The residents, mostly women and children, who were ordered to leave the town before it was burned, were left homeless during a bitter cold winter. The able bodied men had joined the British troops who had retreated to Burlington when the town was captured.
Retaliation was swift and savage. In the early morning (near daybreak) on December 19, 1813, the citizens of Lewiston awoke to unimaginable horrors. Hours earlier, in the middle of the night, British-Canadian troops invaded the United States and captured Fort Niagara without firing a shot. And now, they were about to unleash an assault on Lewiston that could only be compared to today’s “shock and awe” campaigns.
The unrestrained British-Canadians, along with their allies from the First Nations, including the Mohawks, ran down River Road toward Lewiston, armed with torches, guns and tomahawks — intent on retribution and turning Lewiston into a pile of ashes.
But what happened that cold winter morning turned out to be much worse. Poorly defended, Lewiston citizens were on their own. They could only run for their lives through the snow and mud in hopes of escaping the atrocities. Civilians were murdered in the rampage and tormented parents found themselves helpless in trying to save their children — one 7-year-old was shot and scalped in front of his mother’s eyes.
At the moment when Lewiston citizens had lost all hope and thought they would all become victims of a bloody and merciless massacre, Native Americans from the the local Tuscarora village ran down from atop the Escarpment and offered the first resistance the British and Mohawks had seen. The Tuscarora’s ingenious and diversionary tactics gave the impression that their “numbers were legion.” Fearing a trap, the enemy stopped in its tracks.
Despite being outnumbered 30-to-1, the “Tuscarora Heroes” were able to buy the escaping residents enough time to get out of harm’s way, and saved the lives of dozens of citizens.
Meanwhile, Lewiston was burned the ground, except for one building. The exact number of civilians who were killed is unknown. Estimates range from close to a dozen to over 40. One American officer, reported soon after the attack, that “it is not yet ascertained how many were killed as most of the bodies were thrown into the burning houses and consumed.”
here it is on google maps. It doesn't really seem practical to build a house in the ground like that, scroll back in forth in maps and zoom to get some better angles and you will see what I'm talking about.755 Center Street. Known as The First & Last Chance Saloon. Built in 1820 by Bates Cooke. The son of Lemuel, Bates was a lawyer, a U.S. congressman and later, the New York State Comptroller. Replacing the 1813 burned wood frame dwelling, it later became a tavern after Cooke’s death in 1841. In 1954 it was restored as an art gallery. It is a commercial site today.
I apologize if this is a little too off topic compared to the OP. I can branch it off into its own thread if need be. Hell, Western NY likely needs its own subtopic there's so much anomaly here.Known as the Frontier House. Built in 1824-5 by Joshua Fairbanks, Benjamin Barton and son, Samuel. The Frontier House was once recognized as the finest hotel west of Albany, and is Lewiston’s premiere historic landmark. Stage coaches once thundered up to its doors when it served as a stop when Lewiston was the center of the “Great Overland Route Across the Continent.” In those early days, Lewiston’s population was more than Buffalo’s. The Frontier House is constructed of stone from the Bay of Quinte at the Northeastern end of Lake Ontario. 18 men worked 18 months in laying up the solid stone 30 inch walls.
Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: anotherlayerDate: 2018-12-03 16:59:28Reaction Score: 1
Hey, hey, fantastic addition to the thread! If I am not mistaken, the last building "Frontier House" has a for sale sign on it now, yeah? My wife and I oogled it for a minute. I seriously would have looked at it, had we not lived in the city. I love Lewiston.@anotherlayer I'm glad someone is taking the time to do this area justice.
Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: trismegistusDate: 2018-12-03 18:21:41Reaction Score: 1
Considering you'd likely have to spend weeks and tons of money scrubbing french fry grease out of the building, I can't say I would recommend it! Also the only restrooms in the building were down in the dingy, creepy basement.If I am not mistaken, the last building "Frontier House" has a for sale sign on it now, yeah? My wife and I oogled it for a minute. I seriously would have looked at it, had we not lived in the city. I love Lewiston.
Right next to the Frontier House, there is a small garden that is supposed to dedicate the women of WNY and Canada coming together to say "we're both sorry for burning down every square inch of your towns", so here's a plaque and some bushes!There is so much sketchy history we have here, particularly the burning of *every* town from here Buffalo to Fort Erie to Niagara Falls in 1813
Doesn't sound too different from modern days, eh?Fort Niagara served as the Loyalist base in New York during the American Revolutionary War for Colonel John Butler and his Butler's Rangers, a Tory militia in the command of the British Army. Lt. Col. William Stacy, a high-ranking officer of the Continental Army, was captured at the attack on Cherry Valley, New York by Butler's Rangers. He was held captive at Fort Niagara during the summer of 1779. Niagara became notorious for drinking, brawling, whoring, and cheating.
I wonder if this wasn't an Iriquois fort before Europeans showed up. I bet there's some folks on the various Indian reservations in the area who might have some insight, if you can ever get them talking.The three flags flown daily above the parade ground symbolize the nations which have held Fort Niagara. Each competed for the support of a fouth nation: the powerful Iroquois Confederacy. The French established the first post here, Fort Conti, in 1679. Its successor, Fort Denonville (1687-88) was equally short lived. In 1726 France finally erected a permanent fortification with the construction of the impressive "French Castle." Britain gained control of Fort Niagara in 1759, during the French & Indian War, after a nineteen-day seige. The British held the post throughout the American Revolution but were forced, by treaty, to yield it to the United States in 1796. Fort Niagara was recaptured by the British in 1813. It was ceded to the United States a second time in 1815 at the end of the War of 1812.
Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: anotherlayerDate: 2018-12-03 18:38:47Reaction Score: 1
I'm pretty sure theI wonder if this wasn't an Iriquois fort before Europeans showed up.
So, there they were, sitting on top of a star "fort" and the best they could do was to put up stockade. And when they talk about how the existing Fort was built in 1726, it's the same story. They placed some junk on top of what was there. Not sure how we get along with each other when we have identical star forts in China and India and Vietnam, Canada, US, all of Europe, Russia, Africa... aren't we all enemies and havent we been enemies for thousands of years? Why are we all building "dutch-french star forts"?
I vaguely remember taking a tour of Fort Niagara in elementary or middle school. The tour guide mentioned how the "wedge" shape of the wall was tactically useful to stop a full-on frontal assault of the walls. Its funny how that detail stays with me after all these years. Maybe my subconscious knew that 20+ years later I would be researching the area with a completely new perspective. What is also funny that for all of these "star" protections against frontal assaults, the fort was taken by the Brits without "firing a single shot." So much good that did them!Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: trismegistusDate: 2018-12-03 19:23:37Reaction Score: 1
You're right, that should have said first floor bathrooms.And I just have to snort "basement bathrooms". Of course, people way back when didn't poop, apparantly...
Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: anotherlayerDate: 2018-12-03 20:49:41Reaction Score: 0
And that goes for all of these star forts. They all seem to point inwards, towards the citizens! Who were they scared of, the people? Doesn't add up. Same goes for the Great Wall. In countless sections of the wall, you could easily just be on the next hill over looking down and whatever you thought you were protecting.What is also funny that for all of these "star" protections against frontal assaults, the fort was taken by the Brits without "firing a single shot." So much good that did them!
Ah, ok. I thought this was a tie-in to the whole discussion about the Great Stink and how the people who built the Palace of Versailles didn't bother with bathrooms (or heating).You're right, that should have said first floor bathrooms.
Note: This post was recovered from the Sh.org archive.Username: trismegistusDate: 2018-12-03 21:08:52Reaction Score: 0
Could very well be, my comment was more tongue in cheek referencing the fact that the "basement" was probably the original first floor but mudfloods buried it to make it the "basement."Ah, ok. I thought this was a tie-in to the whole discussion about the Great Stink and how the people who built the Palace of Versailles didn't bother with bathrooms (or heating).
742 Center Street. Behind the modern additions which border the sidewalk on Center Street, there is a hidden brick building. This stone house is somewhat of a mystery and the name of the builder and the year the home was built is unknown. A cornerstone is inscribed “JBF 1811”, however no records exist of a person in Lewiston with those initials. Some historians believe the cornerstone was added later, which would indicate the home was built after that time. If the cornerstone was actually true, it would make this house the oldest standing structure in Lewiston and, other than Hustler’s Tavern, the only building to survive the British attack of 1813.